Research

New York State Department of State Alien Depositions of Intent to Become U.S. Citizens

Held by the New York State Archives


Overview of the Records

Repository:

New York State Archives

New York State Education Department

Cultural Education Center

Albany, NY 12230

Summary:
This series consists of ninety two volumes of bound depositions of resident aliens affirming their intentions to become naturalized U.S. citizens. Arranged in loose chronological order by the date on which they were received in the Department of State, the depositions include: name of alien and place of residence (later years sometimes list address); alien's signature or mark; and occasionally the country of origin and/or occupation of the resident alien.
Creator:
Title:
Quantity:
24.5 cubic feet (92 volumes)
Inclusive Dates:
1825-1913
Series Number:
A1869

Arrangement

Roughly chronological.

Administrative History

Alien depositions were submitted to the Secretary of State's office in Albany pursuant to an act passed April 21, 1825 enabling resident aliens to acquire, own, and dispose of real property. The alien's right in regard to real property expired six years after filing the deposition. The 1825 law pertained only to individuals specified by name, but was amended in 1826 to provide for a more general application. After the mid-nineteenth century women made many of the alien depositions (up to one third of the total). Statutes passed between 1848 and 1862 allowed married women in New York to own real property in their own names.

Scope and Content Note

This series consists of ninety two volumes of bound depositions of resident aliens affirming their intentions to become naturalized U.S. citizens. Arranged in loose chronological order by the date on which they were received in the Department of State, the depositions include: name of alien and place of residence (later years sometimes list address); alien's signature or mark; and occasionally the country of origin and/or occupation of the resident alien. The format of the deposition varies, although printed forms were sometimes used. Depositions prior to 1850 are docketed on the verso with date of receipt and book and page number of the entry in Abstracts of Alien Depositions, 1825-1913 (series A1870). Depositions were apparently filed at the local level and transferred by the local official to the Office of the Secretary of State for registration and filing.

This series is not indexed. The earlier depositions are calendered in Kenneth Scott and Rosemary Conway, comps. New York Alien Residents, 1825-1848. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978.

Items Online

This series is digitized and available to New York State residents for free on Ancestry.com. To learn how to access the records, go to:

Link to items online How to Use Ancestry.com New York

Digital Collection

Please note that only a portion of this series has been included in this digital collection. Other items exist that are not available online.

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Use of Records

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions regarding access to or use of the material.

Related Information

Related Materials

Series A1870 Abstracts of alien depositions, contains related records

Series A1871 Alien deposition fee registers, contains related records.

Other finding aids

Volume list is available at the repository.

Access Terms

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