Research


New York State Supreme Court of Judicature (New York) Pleadings and Other Civil and Criminal Court Documents

Held by the New York State Archives


Overview of the Records

Repository:

New York State Archives

New York State Education Department

Cultural Education Center

Albany, NY 12230

Summary:
This series contains documents relating to civil litigation in the Supreme Court of Judicature, filed by the court clerk whose office was in New York City, or in other locations between the years 1778-1783. Most of the documents are pleadings by plaintiffs and defendants, bonds, draft rules, and affidavits. Criminal case documents include indictments, informations, etc., almost entirely for the period 1753-1795.
Creator:
Title:
Quantity:
74 cubic feet; Microfilm: 90 rolls; 35mm.
Inclusive Dates:
1699-1837
Bulk Dates:
1751-1837
Series Number:
JN522

Arrangement

Arranged by an assigned code entered on the verso of each document. Code consists of the New York County Clerk's Office abbreviated series title "PL 1754 to 1837" (PL - "pleadings"), then the initial letter of plaintiff's surname, then an assigned sequential number (up to four digits). The plaintiff in a criminal case is the "King" or the "People." Coded documents are divided into two groups, first those conserved or identified for conservation, and second those not conserved or identified for conservation.

Scope and Content Note

Series contains documents relating to civil litigation and Criminal prosecutions in the Supreme Court of Judicature, filed by the court clerk whose office was in New York City, or in other locations between the years 1778-1783. Series also contains many documents filed by the clerk of the City and County of New York and the clerk of the circuit courts. Most of the documents in civil cases are pleadings by plaintiffs and defendants, bonds, draft rules, and affidavits. There are many other types of documents, almost all of them on paper. The few parchment documents are writs. Criminal case documents include indictments, informations, etc., almost entirely for the period 1753-1795. Among them are indictments of "enemies of the state," i.e. Loyalists, during and after the Revolutionary War. The series also includes a very small number of documents from other courts. Some documents are missing (particularly in letter codes B, C, G, H, and I), but they may be available on microfilm.

Other documents, present for most if not all counties, include coroner’s inquisitions into unwitnessed or suspicious deaths, 1780-1797, and rough minutes of circuit courts and courts of oyer and terminer, 1787-1798. For New York City and County there are bonds of individuals receiving liquor licenses, 1785 and 1797, and duplicate militia commissions by the governor, 1797-1822.

Use of Records

Access Restrictions

Use of fragile original documents, especially those in the group identified for conservation, is restricted. Microfilm copies are to be used for reference and reproduction.

Alternate Formats Available

Series is available on microfilm which was produced in 1993 for the New York County Clerk's Office.

Related Information

Related Materials

Series JN535 New York State Supreme Court of Judicature (New York) Pleadings and Other Civil Court Documents, continues this series.

Other finding aids

Series JN110, Spreadsheet Index to Supreme Court Documents other than Judgment Rolls.

Series JN121, Card Index to Supreme Court Pleadings and other Court Documents.

Access is also provided to these records via the Historical Court Records Index II, 1754-1910, which indexes by both the plaintiffs’ and defendants’ full names. This index includes data from the original card file index, Pleadings Index, 1754-1910, which still exists as a paper index and is also available in microfilm.

Related Publications

Kenneth Scott accessed coroner's reports in the New York City Municipal Archives, which slightly overlap and continue the coroner’s inquisitions in Series JN522. See Kenneth Scott, "Early New York City Coroner’s Reports [1796-1820]," New York Genealogical and Biographical Society Record, 119 (1988), 76-79, 145-150, 217-219, 120 (1989), 18-20, 88-92.

Custodial History

This collection of court documents was assembled, organized and indexed in the mid-twentieth century by staff of the New York County Clerk's Office.

Processing Information

Conservation and digitization of a portion of these materials is being supported in part by a Federal Save America’s Treasure grant administered by the Institute for Museum and Library Services. Additional support provided by the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation.

Access Terms

Geographic Name(s):
Subject(s):
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Detailed Description

Contents Roll

Accretion: JN522-17
A16 - B1055 1
B1069 - C1085 2
C1090 - N188 3
N189 - W876 4
W907 - A136 5
A137 - A413 6
A414 - B201 7
B202 - B467 8
B468 - B736 9
B737 - B1019 10
B1020 - C20 11
C1 - C223 12
C224 - C409 13
C409 - C740 14
C741 - C940 15
C940 - C1077 16
C1077 - D65 17
D66 - D229 18
D230 - D439 19
D440 - D725 20
D726 - D958 21
D960 - D1125 22
D1126 - D1175 23
D1176 - E23 24
E24 - E228 25
E229 - F175 26
F176 - F376 27
F377 - G56 28
G56 - G229 29
G229 - G449 30
G449 - H37 31
H38 - H223 32
H224 - H408 33
H408 - H641 34
H642 - H865 35
H365 - H991 36
H992 - I101 37
I104 - J34 38
J35 - J185 39
J186 - J333 40
J333 - J494 41
J495 - J673 42
J674 - J912 43
J913 - J1023 44
J1024 - K12 45
K13 - K125 46
K126 - K358 47
K359 - K557 48
K558 - K781 49
K782 - K947 50
K946 - L49 51
L50 - L235 52
L236 - L389 53
L407 - L635 54
L357 - L876 55
L877 - L1021 56
L1022 - L1238 57
L1239 - L1446 58
L1447 - M122 59
M123 - M285 60
M286 - M500 61
M501 - M676 62
M677 - M905 63
M906 - M1121 64
Missing 65
M1361 - M1544 66
M1544 - M1632 67
M1633 - M1793 68
M1797 - M1894 69
M1896 - N196 70
N197 - 086 71
Missing 72
Missing 73
Missing 74
Missing 75
Missing 76
Missing 77
Missing 78
Missing 79
Missing 80
Missing 81
Missing 82
Missing 83
Missing 84
Missing 85
Q21 - R220 86
R221 - R562 87
R563 - S139 88
S140 - S372 89
S373 - S620 90
S621 - S1032 91
S1026 - S1173 92
S1174 - T51 93
T120 - T362 94
T461 - V27 95
V28 - V189 96
V190 - V399 97
V400 - V590 98
V591 - W158 99
W159 - W330 100
W331 - W583 101
W584 - W758 102
W759 - W901 103
W902 - Z12 104