Resolution fixing the rate at which wine and brandy are to be retailed in New Amsterdam

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. . . the director-general [      ] have decided that the wines [      ] in the city of New Amsterdam shall be [      ] and sold by the small measure [      ] French wine for 24 stivers the [      ] ; brandy 7 stivers the gill,[1] Spanish wine 50 stivers the quart.[2]

Fiscal Tienhoven, plaintiff, against Warnaer Warnaersen; claims a barrel of wormwood wine.
The director and council order that the half aem of wine and the anker of wormwood wine be returned to the defendant; because the honey is merchandise and was not found in the manifest, and mead liquor is confiscatable, it is ordered that an agreement be made with the fiscal because the aforesaid Waernaer is a foreigner.

Fiscal Tienhoven, plaintiff, against Jacob de Swaert; claims a hogshead of wine.
The defendant responds that he did not receive the amount due to him and wants to prove that it is his hogshead.


The Dutch measure used here is mutsien.
An engrossment of this ordinance is recorded in Volume 16: 37 and translated in Laws and Ordinances of New Netherland, 1638-1674, compiled and translated by E. B. O’Callaghan, Albany, 1868, 148 as follows: "WHEREAS it appears by the invoice that wines are dearer in fatherland than formerly, and consequently that the tavern-keepers purchase them here at a higher price; moreover, that they by virtue of the preceding [ordinance] are somewhat higher taxed, as by the tenor thereof appears. Therefore the tavernkeepers are hereby allowed to sell the French wine at twenty-four stivers, the brandy and Spanish wine at fifty stivers, or the gill at seven stivers, without having the power to exceed the aforesaid price, on pain of forfeiting their business and ten pounds Flemish in addition. Dated 18th August, 1653."


Translation: Gehring, C., trans./ed., New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch, Vol. 5, Council Minutes, 1652-1654 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 1983).A complete copy of this publication is available on the New Netherland Institute website.