Sentence of Elias Emmens

Scanned Document:

Whereas Elias Emmens [      ] the Company of the honorable [      ] of New Netherland, for years now serving garrison duty in the south at Fort Casimier[158] and afterwards here at Fort Amsterdam, being constantly very insolent, headstrong, willful and disobedient; exhibiting mutinous behavior; dissuading the soldiers from their duties and attempting to incite discord; in addition to this, he appeared one night, after watch was set, on the Heerenstraet before the citizens' doors with an unsheathed sword in his hand making a great racket and noise; also, he has not omitted threatening and verbally abusing his lord director and captain. All of which the fiscal has proved with credible witnesses in the presence of the aforesaid Elias Emmens at the session in Fort Amsterdam. Therefore it is Fiscal Cornelis van Thienhooven's request and conclusion that the aforesaid Elias Emmens be corporeally punished as an example to others. The director-general and high council, having seen the charge and the testimony exhibited at the session and having seen and


See New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1974), 18:53 and 54 for charges against Emmens on the South River.


Translation: Gehring, C., trans./ed., New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch, Vol. 5, Council Minutes, 1652-1654 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 1983).A complete copy of this publication is available on the New Netherland Institute website.