Bond of Richard Wraith to skipper Meyndert Swart for the payment of the purchase price of a Negro woman and boy

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I, the undersigned, Richard Wreath, acknowledge by this my signature, that I am indebted to skipper Meyndert Swart in the sum of five hundred and twenty-five guilders for a Negress and a boy purchased from him, which sum I promise to pay at the appointed time in the promised specie. For the greater security of the aforesaid skipper John Betman offers himself as surety and co-principal in solido and promises, in case Richard Wreath should fall to pay, to tender and pay the aforesaid sum without any gainsay, in such specie as is agreed on. To this end he binds his person and property, present and future, submitting the same to the control of all courts, tribunals and judges Actum, Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 8th of September anno 1655.

Richard Wraith
John Bateman


Translation: Scott, K., & Stryker-Rodda, K. (Ed.). New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch, Vol. 3, Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1648-1660 (A. Van Laer, Trans.). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 1974.A complete copy of this publication is available on theĀ New Netherland Institute website.