Conditions on which Warnaer Wessels farmed the excise on wine and beer

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Before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, secretary of New Netherland, appeared the honorable supreme councilors Nicasius de Silie, La Montagne and Cornelis van Tienhoven, fiscal, commissioned by the director general and supreme council of New Netherland, of the one part, and Warnaer Wessels, late farmer of the tapsters' excise on wine and beer of this city, of the other part The said honorable supreme councilors declare and he, Warnaer Wessels, acknowledges that the aforesaid Warnaer Wessels at public outcry remained the farmer of the excise on wine and beer to be consumed next year by the tavernkeepers and tapsters residing within the jurisdiction of this city of New Amsterdam, on the following conditions, to wit:

That he, Warner Wessels, shall receive from the tavernkeepers and tapsters resident within the jurisdiction of this city of New Amsterdam on the wine and beer to be by them consumed the next year, as follows:

For an ordinary hogshead of French or Rhenish wine  fl. 20:0 
For one anker of said wines  4:0 
For one anker of Spanish wine, brandy, or distilled liquors  7:0 
For one assized tun of good New Netherland beer  4:0 
For one tun of imported beer  6:0 
Larger or smaller barrels in proportion. 

For which excise he has promised and again promises to contribute and pay as rental for one year, beginning on the date hereof and ending on the first of December anno 1656, the sum of five thousand and thirty guilders, one true fourth part of the promised excise to be paid each quarter year.

For the performance of what is hereinbefore written, he, Warnaer Wessels, binds all his property, present and future, without any exception, and as further security for the prompt fulfilment of what is above written,

offer themselves as sureties in solido, one for all and each as principal, under renunciation of the beneficium ordinis, excussionis et divisionis, the tenor whereof they acknowledge they fully understand, promising, in case Warnaer Wessels remain in default (which they do not anticipate), that they will tender and pay the aforesaid rental at the stipulated time without any gainsay to the director and supreme council, or their agent, free of costs and charges To this end they bind their persons and properties, present and future, submitting the same to the control of all courts, judges and justices in testimony whereof this is signed by the sureties together with the parties. Actum in Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland, this day, the first of December anno 1655.Not signed.[1]


Not signed.


Translation: Scott, K., & Stryker-Rodda, K. (Ed.). New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch, Vol. 3, Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1648-1660 (A. Van Laer, Trans.). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 1974.A complete copy of this publication is available on the New Netherland Institute website.