Motion of the fiscal that Cornelis Willemsen be examined

Scanned Document:

At the session, present: the director-general and all the councilors (except for Mr. Werckhooven), Fiscal Cornelis van Thienhooven [      ] that Cornelis Willemsz, presently a prisoner, shall be examined for the maintenance of justice; and if he remains obstinate, that he be examined more closely and severely[1] in the presence of two commissioners from the high council so that the truth and his accomplices may be discovered; and he requests that it be done as soon as possible. Done at the session in Fort New Amsterdam, 24 August 1654.


i.e., nauwer en scherper, which appear to be code words for torture.


Translation: Gehring, C., trans./ed., New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch, Vol. 5, Council Minutes, 1652-1654 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: 1983).A complete copy of this publication is available on the New Netherland Institute website.