Research


New York State Education Department Commissioner George D. Stoddard Subject Files

Held by the New York State Archives


Overview of the Records

Repository:

New York State Archives

New York State Education Department

Cultural Education Center

Albany, NY 12230

Summary:
The collection consists of correspondence, publications, reports, meeting minutes, and other materials related to the operation of the New York State Education Department under Commissioner of Education George D. Stoddard. Included are records relating to efforts of the State Education Department to deal with specific challenges facing education during World War II and post-World War II period including vocational and higher education for returning soldiers, increased funding for teachers colleges, and extension programs for library and archives services.
Creator:
Title:
Quantity:
7.0 cubic feet of textual records
Inclusive Dates:
1939-1949
Bulk Dates:
1942-1946
Series Number:
W0101
Sponsor:
This series’ description was enhanced as part of the States’ Impact on Federal Education Policy Project (SIFEPP), in July 2008. The New York Community Trust - Wallace Special Projects Fund provided funding for this project.

Arrangement

Organized into two groups of records by two-year increments (1942-1944 and 1944-1946), then alphabetical by subject.

Administrative History

George Stoddard was born in 1897 in Carbondale, Pennsylvania. He received his Bachelor’s of Arts degree at Pennsylvania State College in 1921, earned a diplome from the University of Paris in 1923, and was awarded a Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 1925. After receiving his doctorate, he joined the faculty of the Psychology department at the University of Iowa, attaining the rank of Full Professor in 1929. While at Iowa, he served as the Dean of the Graduate College, 1936-1942; director of the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station, 1928-1942; and Head of the Department of Psychology, 1938-1939. In addition, he wrote around 150 articles and seven books on topics related to child development, including tests and measurements, child psychology, child education, parent education, and higher education. On July 1, 1942, Stoddard took office as President of the University of the State of New York and Commissioner of Education.

Stoddard’s tenure as Commissioner of Education was dominated by World War II, and the activities of the New York State Education Department to aid in the state’s war effort. Among his accomplishments were securing funding for the establishment of a chain of junior colleges in New York State, as well as working with State War Council to provide job training for 750,000 people working in war-related factories. After World War II, Stoddard aided in the planning for expected enrollment increases in New York State colleges and universities, due to the return of GI’s from the war front.

Stoddard resigned as Commissioner of Education on June 30th, 1946, in order to become president of the University of Illinois. After seven years at Illinois, he moved to New York University, where he held successive positions as the director of NYU’s self-study program, dean of education, and, from 1960-1964, Chancellor and Executive Vice President of the University. Stoddard retired from education in 1969 as Chancellor of Long Island University. He passed away on December 28, 1981 in New York.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, publications, reports, meeting minutes, and other materials related to the operation of the New York State Education Department under Commissioner of Education George Stoddard.

Much of the State Education Department’s efforts during Stoddard’s tenure were focused on specific challenges facing education during World War II. Included among the records are correspondence, meeting minutes, and position papers from the American Council on Education, which was formed during World War I as attempt to coordinate interests of American education at all levels, particularly higher education, in their relations with the Federal government. This council served a similar purpose during World War II. Also included is correspondence about New York State Social Welfare Department programs funded by the Federal Works Agency for child care programs in New York State schools targeted toward children with parents in the military, as well as correspondence, minutes, and reports regarding new physical education guidelines and programs on physical fitness sponsored by the State War Council.

The State Education Department was also involved in numerous projects related to planning for the post-World War II period. Included among the records are correspondence and reports on planning for construction projects in the State Education Department and at state higher education institutions, planned for construction after World War II. Also included are correspondence, drafts, and final copies of the Regents Plan for Post-War Education in the State of New York, involving vocational and higher education for returning soldiers, increased funding for teachers colleges, and extension programs for library and archives services. Furthermore, correspondence and reports are included from the U.S. Committee on Educational Reconstruction, a group founded to aid the rehabilitation of educational institutions in post-war Europe.

Partially in response to the demand created by returning soldiers and an increased focus on military preparedness, the State Education Department under George Stoddard increased its focus on vocational and technical education. The collection includes correspondence, reports, proposed curricula, and other materials related to the proposed Institutes of Applied Arts and Sciences, involving post-secondary agricultural and technical education programs at New York State higher education institutions. In addition, correspondence and reports are included from the Joint Committee on the Study of Rural Education Services, charged with developing a plan for studying agricultural education in NYS.

Also in the collection are materials focused on secondary education in New York State, including correspondence and reports from special committees on secondary education, such as Commissioner Stoddard’s Committee on Secondary School Problems, the Commissioner’s Advisory Committee on Secondary Education, and the Special Committee on Constants in the Curriculum, as well as papers on general trends in secondary education. Numerous files are also present which deal with specific higher education institutions in New York State, including correspondence and reports on the establishment of the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University, as well as material related to various New York State teacher’s colleges.

The State Education Department’s relationships with the U.S. and New York State governments are also well-documented. Included are correspondence and bills related to proposed federal legislation related to education, including general school aid, school lunch bill, vocational rehabilitation for disabled war veterans. Also included are correspondence, articles, and reports from, and related to, the Governor’s Committee on the State Educational Program, mostly focused on the revision of the “Friedsman formula” for state aid to the public schools.

Use of Records

Access Restrictions

Commissioners in Schools Files: Restricted to protect personal privacy. Access may be permitted under certain conditions upon application to and approval by the State Archives.

Related Information

Related Materials

George Dinsmore Stoddard Miscellaneous Papers, 1945-1980, at the Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford, California. George D. Stoddard Papers, 1915-2001, at the University of Illinois Archives, Urbana, Illinois. George D. Stoddard “Krebiozen” Papers, at the University of Illinois at Chicago Special Collections and University Archives.

Processing Information

W0101-78: These records were transferred by the State Library in 1978 and originally accessioned as part of Series 15080. When Series 15080 was separated into individual series corresponding to each commissioner in 2017, the records were re-designated part of Series W0101.

This series description was enhanced as part of the States’ Impact on Federal Education Policy Project (SIFEPP), in July 2008. The New York Community Trust - Wallace Special Projects Fund provided funding for this project.

Access Terms

Personal Name(s):
Corporate Name(s):
Geographic Name(s):
Subject(s):
Function(s):

Detailed Description

Dates Contents Box Folder

Accretion: W0101-78
1942 October-1943 October Accelerated Program in School 1 1
1944 January American Association of School Administrators 1 2
1943 February-1944 April American Council on Education (1 of 3) 1 3
1942 July-1944 March American Council on Education (2 of 3) 1 4
1943 June-September American Council on Education (3 of 3) 1 5
1944 September-December American Council on Race Relations 1 6
1944 February B. H. Belkap 1 7
1942 July-1944 December Bond, George Hopkins 1 8
1944 Budget 1 9
1942 October-1943 October Budget, Director of 1 10
1944 July Burton, John E. 1 11
1944 February-May Brady, Stanley 1 12
1942 May-October Centralization - Van Kleeck 1 13
1942 September-1943 November Centralization - Rapp- Scott 1 14
1942 November-1944 June Child Care (1 of 2) 1 15
1942 July-October Child Care (2 of 2) 1 16
1942 October-1943 September Citizen Unity Liaison Committee (Mr. Herring et al) 1 17
1942 August-November Civilian War Services 1 18
1942-1944 November Cleveland Conference 1 19
1943 April-May College of Saint Rose 1 20
1944 June-December Community Chest 1 21
1944 May-November Comptroller’s Committee 1 22
1942 October-1943 January Congratulatory Letters (1 of 2) 1 23
1942 June-October Congratulatory Letters (2 of 2) 1 24
1942 August-1944 November Cooper, Hermann 1 25
1942 August-1944 January Cornell University 1 26
1944 March-August PWP Credit for Education and Military Experience in Armed Forces (Secondary and Higher) 1 27
1942 July-1943 January C 1 28
1943 August Deferment of Teachers 1 29
1944 January-March Dental Education, Council on (H. H. Horner) 1 30
1944 February-October Dienst, Charles F. 1 31
1943 June-1944 October Disciplinary Cases 1 32
1943 July-1944 December Dormitory Authority 1 33
1940 June Education Department 1 34
1943-1944 October Education and Labor Resolutions AFL-CIO 1 35
1943 September-1944 December Educational Policies Commission 1 36
1944 September George D. Stoddard Sub-Committee on Policies Concerning Young Children - Educational Policies Commission (1 of 2) 1 37
1943 April-1944 August George D. Stoddard Sub-Committee on Policies Concerning Young Children - Educational Policies Commission (2 of 2) 1 38
1942 August-September Educational Planning 1 39
1942 December-1944 December Governor’s Office 1 40
1943 August-September Farm Cadet Victory Corps - Victory Farm Volunteers 1 41
1943 August-1944 December F 1 42
1943 October-1944 December Guidance 1 43
1944 May-July Harvard University (Board of Overseers) 1 44
1943 August-1944 December Health and Physical Education (1 of 2) 1 45
1942 April-1944 December Health and Physical Education (2 of 2) 2 1
1941 October-1943 October Advisory Council on Health and Physical Education 2 2
1943 July-1944 October Pilot Study in Health 2 3
1944 March-October Hebrew Parochial School 2 4
1939-1943 March Higher Education 2 5
1942 September-1943 May High School Victory Corps 2 6
1944 September Report on Historic Sites (photos enclosed) 2 7
1942 September-1944 January H 2 8
1942 September-1943 September Industrial Recruitment of High School Students 2 9
1943 January-1944 February Inflexible Curriculum (Earl P. Watkin) 2 10
1944 September-December Institutes of Applied Art and Sciences (part 1 of 4) 2 11
1944 March-September Institutes of Applied Art and Sciences (part 2 of 4) 2 12
1941-1944 July Institutes of Applied Art and Sciences (part 3 of 4) 2 13
1943 August-1944 February Institutes of Applied Art and Sciences (part 4 of 4) 2 14
1942 October-1943 December Intermediate School Unit 2 15
1944 March-November Committee on Institute Curriculum 2 16
1943 January-1944 January International Educational Relations 2 17
1942 February-1943 September Joint Army and Navy Committee on Welfare and Recreation 2 18
1942 July-1943 June Junior Aviation Program 2 19
1943 December Junior Colleges 2 20
1943 November-1944 November Juvenile Delinquency 2 21
1944 March Kappa Delta P Laureate Chapter 2 22
1944 March-1945 January Legislation - Federal (part 1 of 2) 2 23
1942 June-1944 March Legislation - Federal (part 2 of 2) 2 24
1943 Legislation New York 2 25
1944 Legislation New York 2 26
1944 June-October Library, State 2 27
1942 September-1944 December Mary W. Kingsland 2 28
1943 February-1944 June Mangan, Thomas J. 2 29
1943 January-1944 October Museum, State 2 30
1942 August-1943 March National Institute on Education and the War 2 31
1942 November-1944 March National Council of Chief State School Officers 2 32
1943 November-1944 November National Education Association of the United States 2 33
1944 February-October National Society For the Study Of Education (part 1 of 3) 2 34
1943 April-1944 January National Society For the Study of Education (part 2 of 3) 3 1
1942 November-1943 June National Society For the Study of Education (part 3 of 3) 3 2
1943 April-June National Youth Administration 3 3
1943-1944 New York City Budget Board of Education Board Of Higher Education (1 of 2) 3 4
1943-1944 New York City Budget Board of Education Board Of Higher Education (2 of 2) 3 5
1943 June-1944 October O’Brian, John Lord 3 6
1944 May Pillsbury, Howard 3 7
1943 June-1944 September Postwar Planning Building Projects (part 1 of 2) 3 8
1943 February-1944 February Postwar Planning Building Projects (part 2 of 2) 3 9
1944 September-December Postwar Planning General (part 1 of 5) 3 10
1943 March-1944 March Postwar Planning General (part 2 of 5) 3 11
1943 June-December Postwar Planning General (part 3 of 5) 3 12
1942 December-1943 June Postwar Planning General (part 4 of 5) 3 13
1943 September Postwar Planning General (part 5 of 5) 3 14
1944 April-October Postwar Public Works Planning Commission 3 15
1943 November-1944 December Pre-Induction Training 3 16
1943 June-1944 September Printing Committee 3 17
1943 December Regents Plan For Postwar Education In the State of New York (1 of 3) 3 18
1943 December Regents Plan For Postwar Education In the State of New York (2 of 3) 3 19
1943 December Regents Plan For Postwar Education In the State of New York (3 of 3) 3 20
1942 March-1943 June Rapp Committee 3 21
1943 September-1944 June Radio 3 22
1943 November Regents Examinations Scholarship Examinations 3 23
1943 January-1944 October Research (Morrison) (part 1 of 2) 3 24
1943 January-1944 July Research (Morrison) (part 2 of 2) 3 25
1944 February-December Rural Education, Council On (Eastman) 3 26
1942 October-1943 May Rural Education Bureau 3 27
1942 May-1944 February Scholarships 3 28
1942 March-September School Buildings and Grounds Division 3 29
1943 March-1944 December School Lunch 3 30
1944 October-December School of Industrial and Labor Relations (Cornell University) (part 1 of 2) 3 31
1943 July-1944 November School of Industrial and Labor Relations (Cornell University) (part 2 of 2) 3 32
1942 September-1943 February School Transportation in Wartime 3 33
1944 August-September Secondary Education (part 1 of 4) 3 34
1943 December-1944 June Secondary Education (part 2 of 4) 3 35
1944 May-June Secondary Education (part 3 of 4) 3 36
1942 October-1944 May Secondary Education (part 4 of 4) 3 37
1943 February-March Sears, Wendell M. 3 38
1943 October-1944 May Selective Service 3 39
1943 September-1944 May Spence, Ralph 4 1
1942 December-1943 September State Aid (part 1 of 2) 4 2
1942-1943 September State Aid (part 2 of 2) 4 3
1943 November-1944 February State Teachers College Brockport 4 4
1942 December State Teachers College Buffalo 4 5
1942 July State Teachers College Cortland 4 6
1943 October State Teachers College New Paltz 4 7
1943 April-August State Teachers College Oswego 4 8
1943 June State Teachers College Plattsburgh 4 9
1944 June-October State Teachers College Potsdam 4 10
1940 January-1944 June Strayer’s Report 4 11
1944 July-August Surplus Property Disposal 4 12
1942 August-1943 October Syracuse University Board of Trustees 4 13
1943 November-1944 December Teacher Education 4 14
1943 April-1944 July United States Committee on Educational Reconstruction (part 1 of 2) 4 15
1942 December-1943 April United States Committee on Educational Reconstruction (part 2 of 2) 4 16
1944 March-December Universal Military Service 4 17
1942 May-1944 August United States Office of Education 4 18
1944 September-October New York Veterans Commission (part 1 of 2) 4 19
1944 August-September New York Veterans Commission (part 2 of 2) 4 20
1944 June-August United States Veterans Administration (General Frank T. Hines) 4 21
1942 July-1944 October Van Kleeck, Edwin R. 4 22
1944 July-November Veterans (part 1 of 2) 4 23
1943 July-1944 July Veterans (part 2 of 2) 4 24
1944 March-October PWP) Veterans Scholarships 4 25
1943 October-1944 August Vocational Rehabilitation Advisory Council 4 26
1943 December-1944 December Wallin, William J. 4 27
1943 March-1944 February War Service Regents Diplomas 4 28
1942 February-May Wartime Issues and Plans 4 29
1942 July-December War Workers - Education and Training Mr. Furney (United States Office of Education) 4 30
1942 September-1944 September Wiley, George M. 4 31
1942 July-1944 September Wilson, Lewis A. 4 32
1944 September-October Woodward, Roland B. 4 33
1942 July-August Wartime Education in Secondary Schools 4 34
1944 June-November World Education Service Council 4 35
1943 November-1944 November Young, Owen D. 4 36
1943 March-May Youth Service Council 4 37
1945 January-1946 April Adult Education 4 38
1946 May-June American Association of School Administrators 4 39
1945 January-May American Council on Race Relations 4 40
1945 January-October Annual Report 4 41
1946 May Archives and History (Division of), Plans for the Proposed New York State Records Office 4 42
1945 July-1946 January Arts and Handicrafts Advisory Committee 4 43
1945 March Agricultural Institutes Budget 4 44
1945 August-October Bond, George Hopkins 4 45
1945 August Brady, Stanley 4 46
1945 August-October Brandeis, Susan 4 47
1945 May-1946 June Bureau for Intercultural Education 4 48
1945 April-September B 5 1
1945-1946 Budget 5 2
1945 February-August C 5 3
1946 March Cornell University 5 4
1945 September-1946 November D 5 5
1944 December-1946 February Dormitory Authority 5 6
1946 February-March Eastman, Regent Edward R. 5 7
1945 April-September Executive Assistant to Commissioner 5 8
1945 March-November F 5 9
1943 April-1945 March Governor’s Committee on the State Educational Program (State Aid, Institutes) (1 of 3) 5 10
1944 January-1945 March Governor’s Committee on the State Educational Program (State Aid, Institutes) (2 of 3) 5 11
1944 December Governor’s Committee on the State Educational Program (State Aid, Institutes) (3 of 3) 5 12
1944 December-1946 June Governor’s Office 5 13
1945 January-1946 June Health and Physical Education 5 14
1945 August-1946 February Higher and Professional Education 5 15
1945 January-August Historic Sites 5 16
1945 October-1946 April Home Economics 5 17
1945 June-September Indian Schools 5 18
1945 December-1946 June Institute Curriculum, Committee on (1 of 3) 5 19
1945 June-1946 December Institute Curriculum, Committee on (2 of 3) 5 20
1945 May-1946 March Institute Curriculum, Committee on (3 of 3) 5 21
1945 July-1946 May Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences (1 of 2) 5 22
undated Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences (2 of 2) 5 23
undated Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences 5 24
1945 May-1946 April Institute of Applied Arts and Science (1 of 2) 5 25
1945 September-1946 February Institute of Applied Arts and Science (2 of 2) 5 26
1945 February Institutes of Applied Arts and Sciences 6 1
1945 January-1946 January Instructional Supervision 6 2
1945 June-August J 6 3
1944 December-1945 April Juvenile Delinquency 6 4
1944 December-1945 January Labor Associations (New York State Federation of Labor, C.I.O. etc.) 6 5
1945 January-February Legislation - New York 6 6
1945 February-1946 January Legislation - United States 6 7
1945 January-1946 April Library Services 6 8
1945 February-1946 June Library, State 6 9
1945 December-1946 March New York State Temporary Commission on Institutes of Applied Arts and Sciences 6 10
1945 May-1946 January M 6 11
1945 January-August Macy, W. Kingsland 6 12
1945 February-1946 June Mangan, Thomas J. 6 13
1945 March-1946 January Military Training (Universal) 6 14
1945 August Mollenhauer, C. C. 6 15
1945 May-1946 January Motion Picture 6 16
1945 March-1946 January Myers, John P. 6 17
1946 January-March National Council of Chief State School Officers 6 18
1945 January-1946 May National Education Association of the United States 6 19
1945 February-1946 April New York City 6 20
1945 December-1946 January New York City Report Correspondence (part 1 of 2) 6 21
1945 October-December New York City Report Correspondence (part 2 of 2) 6 22
1945-1946 New York City Data File Copy PAC 6 23
1945 May-1946 June New York State Citizens’ Council (Mrs. Eckel) 6 24
1946 January Report on Public Schools of New York City 6 25
1946 January Report on Public Schools of New York City 6 26
1946 January Report on Public Schools of New York City 6 27
1946 January Report on Public Schools of New York City 6 28
1945 June-1946 June New York State Teachers Association 6 29
1945 May-1946 May New York State Youth Commission 6 30
1945 August O’Brian, John Lord 6 31
1944 September-1946 February Paul Smith’s College of Arts and Science 6 32
1944 December-1945 June Personal and Public Relations 6 33
1945 January-1946 January Postwar Planning - General 6 34
1945 April Public Works Planning Building Projects 6 35
1943 October-1945 August Printing Committee 6 36
1945 May Public Information Council 6 37
1945 March-June Radio 6 38
1945 August-1946 March Religious Education 6 39
1944 December-1946 April Research 6 40
1945 August-1946 June School Lunch Program 6 41
1945 February-1946 April Scholarships 6 42
1944 December-1946 April Rural Educational Services, Joint Committee on the Study of (Cornell University and Department) (1 of 2) 7 1
1944 December-1946 April Rural Educational Services, Joint Committee on the Study of (Cornell University and Department) (2 of 2) 7 2
1945 January-March New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations 7 3
1945 January-1946 May Secondary Education, Basic Issues in 7 4
1945 January Selective Service 7 5
1945 July-1946 June Spaulding, Francis Trow 7 6
1945 August Spence, Ralph B. 7 7
1945 February-1946 April State Aid 7 8
1945 January-December State Examinations Board 7 9
1948-1949 State Maritime Academy 7 10
1945 March-1946 February State Teachers Colleges 7 11
1944 November-1945 May State Teachers College, Buffalo 7 12
1945 March-April State Teachers College, Cortland 7 13
1945 June State Teachers College, New Paltz 7 14
1945 May State Teachers College, Oneonta 7 15
1945 February-August State Teachers College, Plattsburg 7 16
1945 September State Teachers College, Potsdam 7 17
1945 October-1946 June Surplus Property 7 18
1946 May State University Commission 7 19
1945 February-1946 April Syracuse University 7 20
1945 January S 7 21
1939 December-1945 May Teachers Education 7 22
1946 March-June Temporary State Commission on Coordination of State Activities (Senator Wicks) 7 23
1945 August Thompson, William Leland 7 24
1945 February-1946 May United States Office of Education 7 25
1946 Federal Security Agency - United States Office of Education 1946 Agency Estimates (1 of 3) 7 26
1946 Federal Security Agency - United States Office of Education 1946 Agency Estimates (1 of 3) 7 27
1946 Federal Security Agency - United States Office of Education 1946 Agency Estimates (1 of 3) 7 28
1945 (United States) Veterans Administration 7 29
1945 July-1946 January Veterans Affairs Commission New York State 7 30
1944 (New York State) Veteran’s Commission (1 of 2) 7 31
1945 January-February (New York State) Veteran’s Commission (2 of 2) 7 32
1945 February-August Veterans - General 7 33
1945 June-1946 April Veterans Vocational School at Troy 7 34
1945 April-June Wallin, William J. 7 35
1945 February-1946 June Woodward, Roland B. 7 36
1945 January-1946 June W 7 37
1945 February-1946 May Young, Owen D. 7 38